Since the formation of the United States, guns and weapons have been a part of the American society. In the Bill of Rights, the second article gives every citizen the right to bear arms and defend themselves. However, there have been many challenges to this essential right and several exceptions to the law over the course of American history. In current times, the topic of gun control is quite controversial with local and federal governments creating new gun laws that limit who can own a gun and what type may be owned.

The main form of gun control that has become common law is the necessity of having a gun license to be able to purchase a firearm. An owner or employee of a gun shop is not able to complete a sale without having the necessary documentation about the buyer’s gun license. Also, a person who chooses to carry a gun must keep it in a visible place or have a specific license to keep it concealed. In addition, there have been several additional laws that restrict gun ownership to certain segments of the population. Some organizations, such as the National Rifle Association, state that these new laws go against the Bill of Rights and should be repealed.

In other countries, the role of guns has less of a prominent position. Taking Australia as an example, the national government allows most citizens to have a firearm under their gun laws, but it cannot be of a semi-automatic or automatic type. In addition, the chamber for the gun can only hold a maximum of 10 rounds. To reduce the number of guns in the country, the state of Victoria in Australia paid citizens for turning in their pistols as a form of financial compensating for their loss of sport.